While searching for articles about 3.0 i came across a (italian) blog (dummy-system.com), that had an interesting article about the "correlation" between Roe and Fairy tales and found out how 3.0 wasn't the first movie in the rebuild to have them.
-King Gendo: Kaworu refers to him as such during the movie.
-Princess Asuka: her nickname.
-Prince Shinji(?): being Gendo's son.
-Rei has a book titled "The happy prince". It's a real book (of fairy tales) written by Oscar Wilde. After reading it i found certain similarities with the plot in Roe. Especially the depiction of the relationship between the Swallow and a Reed and between the (same) Swallow and the Happy prince.
After they (the other swallows) had gone he felt lonely, and began to tire of his lady- love. "She (the reed) has no conversation," he said, "and I am afraid that she is a coquette, for she is always flirting with the wind." And certainly, whenever the wind blew, the Reed made the most graceful curtseys. "I admit that she is domestic," he continued, "but I love travelling, and my wife, consequently, should love travelling also."
"Will you come away with me?" he said finally to her; but the Reed shook her head, she was so attached to her home."
Now i wouldn't say Rei is a coquette, but this part of the fairy tale is reminiscent of an exchange between Rei and Shinji in 2.0 (during the trip with Kaji) and the fact that Rei remains imprisoned in the Eva, unable to get back with Shinji in 3.0. It also expresses well Rei's not-so-human nature and difficulty to express emotions (Rei being the reed, Shinji being the swallow ofc..).
After finding himself alone, abandoned by his friends who moved on (Shinji's return to "earth" after 14 years) the swallow meets the "talking" statue of a prince (Kaworu).
Then the Swallow flew back to the Happy Prince, and told him what he had done. "It is curious," he remarked, "but I feel quite warm now, although it is so cold."
"That is because you have done a good action," said the Prince. And the little Swallow began to think, and then he fell asleep. Thinking always made him sleepy.
The prince helps the Swallow feel better with himself (at first), just like Kaworu does with Shinji, but he also forces him to face the ugliness of the world.
"Dear little Swallow," said the Prince, "you tell me of marvellous things, but more marvellous than anything is the suffering of men and of women. There is no Mystery so great as Misery. Fly over my city, little Swallow, and tell me what you see there.
Similar to the scene in 3.0 in which Kaworu shows the state of the world to Shinji.
Anyway it's probably better if you read the tale (it's quite short). It doesn't perfectly match Roe but i'd say there are certain parts that are quite similar.
-The shield Rei uses to protect Shinji from the attack of the angel is called Enchanted Shield of Virtue (quite a weird name).
It has the same name as the shield used by Prince Phillip in the "Sleeping beauty".
Now, if you were to think of a princess Asuka could be similar to (more or less), which one would it be?
I personally thought about Aurora (Sleeping beauty), even before finding out about the shield. Asuka has never really been lucky with sleep related stuff, not when Shinji is around at least. But even leaving Soryu aside, Shikinami has been kept alive by a machine in a sleeping state (probably) in Roe.
Let's throw in for good measure that Asuka has a stepmother(...) and Mari could even be her stepsister for all we know (probably not..).
So, do you think all this is simply a coincidence or could it be useful to understand where Roe is heading to? If so, how exactly?
Also, am i missing other references to fairy tales that you know of?